ZResource List: Colonial Conservation

Kenyan scholar Mordecai Ogada on decolonising conservation.

The Big Conservation Lie: Overview and Interview With the Authors

“Kenyan journalist John Mbaria and Kenyan carnivore ecologist Mordecai Ogada maintain that much of Africa’s modern conservation methodology primarily benefits a minority of outside forces operating with impunity at the expense of the economically disadvantaged majority of Africans, essentially all but excluding them from sharing the continent’s wealth of natural resources.”

National Geographic, 28 July 2017

Decolonising Conservation: It Is About the Land, Stupid!

“The colonial project has moved out of the formally protected areas and created new monsters called ‘wildlife conservancies’, where success is measured by the number of locals who can be persuaded, coerced or bribed with donor subsidies to give up their livelihoods, birthrights, and other forms of identity.”

The Elephant, 27 June 2019

Kyle Powys Whyte: White Allies, Let’s Be Honest About Decolonization

“The conservation movement has been as damaging to Indigenous peoples as extractive industries. National parks, ecological restoration projects, conservation zones, and even the uses of certain terms—especially “wilderness”—are associated with forced displacement of entire communities, erasure of Indigenous histories in education and public memory, economic marginalization, and violations of cultural and political rights.“

YES! Magazine, 3 April 2018

Violent Conservation

Foreign ‘conservation armies’ in Africa may be doing more harm than good

“Conservation is becoming more militarised, and it is cause for serious concern. Rising rates of elephant and rhino poaching in Africa, and fears of a link between poachers and terrorists, have led to foreign national armies, private military companies and even UN peacekeeping forces all moving into wildlife protection.”

The Conversation, 12 July 2017

Tribal communities suffer when evicted in the name of conservation

“According to a research conducted by Housing and Land Rights Network in 2018, “In a majority of reported eviction cases, state authorities did not follow due process established by national and international standards.” The research also revealed that, “All cases of forced eviction resulted in multiple and often gross human rights violations.”

Down To Earth, 7 May 2019

Malcom Ferdinand: Why We Need a Decolonial Ecology

“By perpetuating the belief that racialised people are not interested in the environment, we perpetuate the exclusion of racialised people and the way they conceptualise normal spheres and arenas for thinking about environmentalism. This exclusion in turn breeds distrust among the racialised. From its very beginning, the imaginary built around environmentalism has erased the roles and words of others.“

Green European Journal, 4 June 2020